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Networking Services Library Functionsnetdir(3NSL)


 netdir, netdir_getbyname, netdir_getbyaddr, netdir_free, netdir_options, taddr2uaddr, uaddr2taddr, netdir_perror, netdir_sperror, netdir_mergeaddr - generic transport name-to-address translation


#include <netdir.h>
int netdir_getbyname(const struct netconfig *config, const struct nd_hostserv *service, struct nd_addrlist **addrs);
 int netdir_getbyaddr(const struct netconfig *config, struct nd_hostservlist **service, const struct netbuf *netaddr);
 void netdir_free(void *ptr, const int struct_type);
 int netdir_options(const struct netconfig *config, const int option, const int fildes, char *point_to_args);
 char *taddr2uaddr(const struct netconfig *config, const struct netbuf *addr);
 struct netbuf *uaddr2taddr(const struct netconfig *config, const char *uaddr);
 void netdir_perror(char *s);
 char *netdir_sperror(void);



The netdir routines provide a generic interface for name-to-address mapping that will work with all transport protocols. This interface provides a generic way for programs to convert transport specific addresses into common structures and back again. The netconfig structure, described on the netconfig(4) manual page, identifies the transport.

The netdir_getbyname() routine maps the machine name and service name in the nd_hostserv structure to a collection of addresses of the type understood by the transport identified in the netconfig structure. This routine returns all addresses that are valid for that transport in the nd_addrlist structure. The nd_hostserv structure contains the following members:

char      /* host name */
*h_serv;  /* service name */

The nd_addrlist structure contains the following members:

int  n_cnt;       /* number of addresses */
struct netbuf *n_addrs;

netdir_getbyname() accepts some special-case host names. The host names are defined in <netdir.h>. The currently defined host names are:

Represents the address to which local programs will bind their endpoints. HOST_SELF differs from the host name provided by gethostname(3C), which represents the address to which remote programs will bind their endpoints.
Represents any host accessible by this transport provider. HOST_ANY allows applications to specify a required service without specifying a particular host name.
Represents the host address that can be used to connect to the local host.
Represents the address for all hosts accessible by this transport provider. Network requests to this address are received by all machines.

All fields of the nd_hostserv structure must be initialized.

To find the address of a given host and service on all available transports, call the netdir_getbyname() routine with each struct netconfig structure returned by getnetconfig(3NSL).

The netdir_getbyaddr() routine maps addresses to service names. This routine returns service, a list of host and service pairs that would yield this address. If more than one tuple of host and service name is returned, then the first tuple contains the preferred host and service names:

struct nd_hostservlist {
   int  *h_cnt;                  /* number of hostservs found */
   struct hostserv *h_hostservs;

The netdir_free() structure is used to free the structures allocated by the name to address translation routines. ptr points to the structure that has to be freed. The struct_type identifies the structure:

struct netbuf            ND_ADDR
struct nd_addrlist       ND_ADDRLIST
struct hostserv          ND_HOSTSERV
struct nd_hostservlist   ND_HOSTSERVLIST

Free the universal address returned by taddr2uaddr() by using free().

The netdir_options() routine is used to do all transport-specific setups and option management. fildes is the associated file descriptor. option, fildes, and pointer_to_args are passed to the netdir_options() routine for the transport specified in config. Currently four values are defined for option:


The taddr2uaddr() and uaddr2taddr() routines support translation between universal addresses and TLI type netbufs. The taddr2uaddr() routine takes a struct netbuf data structure and returns a pointer to a string that contains the universal address. It returns NULL if the conversion is not possible. This is not a fatal condition as some transports do not support a universal address form.

uaddr2taddr() is the reverse of taddr2uaddr(). It returns the struct netbuf data structure for the given universal address.

If a transport provider does not support an option, netdir_options returns -1 and the error message can be printed through netdir_perror() or netdir_sperror().

The specific actions of each option follow.

Sets the transport provider up to allow broadcast, if the transport supports broadcast. fildes is a file descriptor into the transport, that is, the result of a t_open of /dev/udp. pointer_to_args is not used. If this completes, broadcast operations can be performed on file descriptor fildes.
Allows the application to bind to a reserved port, if that concept exists for the transport provider. fildes is an unbound file descriptor into the transport. If pointer_to_args is NULL, fildes is bound to a reserved port. If pointer_to_args is a pointer to a netbuf structure, an attempt is made to bind to any reserved port on the specified address.
Used to verify that the address corresponds to a reserved port, if that concept exists for the transport provider. fildes is not used. pointer_to_args is a pointer to a netbuf structure that contains the address. This option returns 0 only if the address specified in pointer_to_args is reserved.
Used to take a ``local address'' (like the address that TCP uses) and return a ``real address'' that client machines can connect to. fildes is not used. pointer_to_args is a pointer to a struct nd_mergearg, which has the following members:
char s_uaddr;    /* server's universal address */
char c_uaddr;    /* client's universal address */
char m_uaddr;   /* the result */

If s_uaddr is something like, and, if the call is successful, m_uaddr is set to something like For most transports, m_uaddr is exactly what s_uaddr is.



The netdir_perror() routine prints an error message on the standard output stating why one of the name-to-address mapping routines failed. The error message is preceded by the string given as an argument.

The netdir_sperror() routine returns a string containing an error message stating why one of the name-to-address mapping routines failed.

netdir_sperror() returns a pointer to a buffer which contains the error message string. This buffer is overwritten on each call. In multithreaded applications, this buffer is implemented as thread-specific data.



See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:




gethostname(3C), getnetconfig(3NSL), getnetpath(3NSL), netconfig(4), attributes(5)

SunOS 5.9Go To TopLast Changed 9 Jan 2002

Copyright 2002 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms.