| ||sysinfo - get and set system information strings
#include <sys/systeminfo.h>long sysinfo(int command, char *buf, long count);
The sysinfo() function copies information relating to the operating system on which the process is executing into the buffer pointed to by buf. It can also
set certain information where appropriate commands are available. The count parameter indicates the size of the buffer.
The POSIX P1003.1 interface (see standards(5)) sysconf(3C) provides a similar class of configuration information,
but returns an integer rather than a string.
The values for command are as follows:
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf
the string that would be returned by uname(2) in the sysname field.
This is the name of the implementation of the operating system, for example, SunOS or UTS.
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf a string that names the present host machine.
This is the string that would be returned by uname(2) in the nodename field.
This hostname or nodename is often the name the machine is known by locally. The hostname is the name of this machine as a node in some network. Different networks may have different
names for the node, but presenting the nodename to the appropriate network directory or name-to-address mapping service should produce a transport end point address. The name may not be fully qualified.
Internet host names may be up to 256 bytes in length (plus the terminating null).
- Copy the null-terminated contents of the array pointed to by buf into the string
maintained by the kernel whose value will be returned by succeeding calls to sysinfo() with the command SI_HOSTNAME. This command requires that
the effective-user-id be super-user.
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf the string that would be returned by uname(2) in the release field. Typical values might be 5.2 or 4.1.
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf the string that would be returned by uname(2) in the version field. The syntax and semantics of this string are defined by the system provider.
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf the string that would be returned by uname(2) in the machine field, for example,
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf a string describing the basic instruction
set architecture of the current system, for example, sparc, mc68030, m32100, or i386. These names may not match predefined
names in the C language compilation system.
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf the names of the variant instruction set architectures
executable on the current system.
The names are space-separated and are ordered in the sense of best performance. That is, earlier-named instruction sets may contain more instructions than later-named instruction sets; a program
that is compiled for an earlier-named instruction set will most likely run faster on this machine than the same program compiled for a later-named instruction set.
Programs compiled for an instruction set that does not appear in the list will most likely experience performance degradation or not run at all on this machine.
The instruction set names known to the system are listed in isalist(5);
these names may or may not match predefined names or compiler options in the C language compilation system.
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf a string describing the specific model of the
hardware platform, for example, SUNW,Sun_4_75, SUNW,SPARCsystem-600, or i86pc.
- Copies the name of the hardware manufacturer into the array pointed to by buf.
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf a string which is the ASCII representation
of the hardware-specific serial number of the physical machine on which the function is executed. Note that this may be implemented in Read-Only Memory, using software constants set when building the operating
system, or by other means, and may contain non-numeric characters. It is anticipated that manufacturers will not issue the same "serial number" to more than one physical machine. The pair of
strings returned by SI_HW_PROVIDER and SI_HW_SERIAL is likely to be unique across all vendor's SVR4 implementations.
- Copies the Secure Remote Procedure Call domain name into the array pointed to by buf.
- Set the string to be returned by sysinfo() with the SI_SRPC_DOMAIN command to the value contained in the array pointed to by buf. This command requires that the effective-user-id be super-user.
- Copy into the array pointed to by buf an ASCII string consisting of the ASCII hexidecimal encoding of the
name of the interface configured by boot(1M) followed by the DHCPACK
reply from the server. This command is intended for use only by the dhcpagent(1M) DHCP client daemon for the purpose of adopting the DHCP maintenance of the interface configured by boot.
Upon successful completion, the value returned indicates the buffer size in bytes required to hold the complete value and the terminating null character. If this value is no greater than the value
passed in count, the entire string was copied. If this value is greater than count, the string copied into buf has been truncated to
count -1 bytes plus a terminating null character.
Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
The sysinfo() function will fail if:
- The buf argument does not point to a valid address.
- The data for a SET command exceeds the limits established by the implementation.
- The effective user of the calling process is not super-user.
In many cases there is no corresponding programming interface to set these values; such strings are typically settable only by the system administrator modifying entries in the /etc/system directory or the code provided by the particular OEM reading a serial number or code out of read-only memory, or hard-coded in the version of the operating system.
A good estimation for count is 257, which is likely to cover all strings returned by this interface in typical installations.